Friday, August 1, 2014

How to install Ubuntu using a USB flash drive.

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Want to try Ubuntu on your PC or laptop, just download the Desktop Edition from the Ubuntu website. Click the Download link in the menu at the top, then click the Download and install button. Use the drop-down menus to select the version you want.

How to install Ubuntu using a USB flash drive.

We suggest using a 4GB USB flash drive and downloading the Universal USB Installer utility to install Ubuntu. Run the utility (it runs directly in Windows from the executable file you downloaded) and make sure you select the suitable version of Ubuntu from the listing. After that, direct the utility to the location of the ISO file on your hard disk and, at last, choose the right drive on which to install it.

Ensure that you've backed up the files on the flash drive, as it will wipe out them. Likewise, back up the files on the computer onto which you're installing Ubuntu, even if you are planning to install it as a secondary OS

You can insert USB drive into a free port on the computer which will run Ubuntu, after all the files have been written to the USB drive. If the computer doesn't boot from the flash drive, you'll need to modify the order of the boot devices in the BIOS. You can enter the Bios by pressing Del, F1 or another key that's shown on the screen at boot time.

Follow the on-screen directions when Ubuntu loads - it will sense if another operating system is there and provide options about how to install Ubuntu. If you want to throw away Windows and make Ubuntu the only operating system, we advise selecting the 'Something Else' option and deleting the Windows partition on your hard disk. You'll also need a 'swap' area, which should be double the capacity of your computer's memory.

If you're common to partitioning Windows disks, it's a little confusing when doing the same in Linux. As a substitute of referring to drive letters, you'll see disks and drives shown as hda or sdb, etc. Hda refers to the first IDE disk - the second would be hdb. Modern hard disks which connect via SATA or even USB are called sda, sdb, sdc, etc. Each primary partition is numbered 1 to 4 and each logical partition from 5 upwards. Confirm you're certain of which disk and partition you're trading with before performing the changes. Partitioning take place only when you click the install button.

The partitions you require for Ubuntu are: root, home and swap. Root is where Ubuntu is installed, and should be at least 4GB. Select ext4 as the file system and / as the mount point. The home partition is where your files are kept, and should be sufficient enough to have a room for everything you plan to store. For a second time, select ext4 as the type, and /home as the mount point. The swap partition should be twice the capacity of your computer's memory, so if it's 2GB, then create a 4GB swap partition. Choose swap as the type - there's no mount point. 

At the time of installation, you'll be prompt for a few details together with your location, language, username and password. It's suitable to have your computer connected to a network, and you'll be asked to choose a Wi-Fi network if no Ethernet cable is connected. This makes sure the latest updates are installed.

Once installation is done, remove the flash drive and press Enter. Your PC will restart and launch Ubuntu. Go to the Software Centre (the shopping bag icon at the bottom of the dock) and you can install your favourite applications including Chromium (the Ubuntu’s answer to Google Chrome), Skype, Dropbox and others.


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